Justification (Duckworth) n. 1

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1. [10.] [This section is a confirmation of the summary teaching by quotations from the Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent (1546-7). The quotations however are not always verbal; words and clauses are omitted, and occasionally there is paraphrase. Swedenborg was apparently extracting the material for his own use.]



Through the fault of his transgression Adam underwent a complete change for the worse both in body and soul. Adam's transgression was harmful not merely to himself but also to his descendants, transmitting not only death and bodily suffering to the entire human race but also sin, which is the death of the soul, Session V, 17th June 1546.

[11.] Should anyone claim that this sin of Adam - which was a single thing in its origin and was transmitted by propagation, and not by imitation, so as to be in every man's proprium - can be removed by any other means than the merit of the only mediator, our Lord Jesus Christ, who with His own blood reconciled us to God and for us became justice, sanctification, and redemption; [or should anyone claim that it can be removed by the power of human nature or any other means; let him be anathema], Session V, 17th June 1546, P. 3.

[12.] Everyone will acknowledge and own that by Adam's transgression all men became impure, sons of wrath, under the power of the devil and of death, Session VI, 13th January 1547.

[13.] The heavenly Father, Father of mercies and God of all consolation, sent Jesus Christ His Son to men in the blessed fullness of time both that He might redeem the Jews under the Law, and also that the gentiles who did not seek justice might learn justice, and that all might be adopted as sons. God offered Him as a Propitiator through faith in His blood for our sins, and not only ours but the sins of the whole world, Session VI, 13th January, Chapter 2.

[14.] Our Lord and God offered Himself to God the Father on the altar of the cross and experienced death, that in this He might work an eternal redemption. The sacrifice of the Mass was that propitiatory for the living and the dead, Session XXII, 17th September 1562, Chapters 1 and 2.

On the institution of the Mass, pp. 146, 148.

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